Multiple Intelligences by Dr. Howard Gardener
Howards Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences was published for the first time in the book, Frames of Mind (1983), and became a model quickly to learn and teach various aspects of human intelligence in education and industry. Howard Gardner developed his concept and theory of multiple intelligences as a contribution to psychology; however his theory was soon embraced by academic and training communities, for whom the effect was instant and overwhelming – a complete sign that Gardner had created a standard learning model. Born in Scranton, Pennsylvania USA in 1943, Howard Gardner entered Harvard in 1961. He was a psychologist and professor of education at the Graduate School of Education at Harvard University. With his thorough research on ‘everyday’ people, he developed the theory of multiple intelligences that projected 9 unique intelligences. According to Gardner, people have all intelligences but in changing amounts, such that each individual has different make-up. These intelligences are based in various areas of the brain, and can work either separately or together, can be nurtured and worked upon, or avoided and weakened.
As per Gardner, multiple intelligences were limited to originally seven; he had developed further two after conducting research. He has since considered definitions and the reality of other potential intelligences in his later work. Gardner states that there are genetic and cultural bases for multiple intelligences. Neurobiological researches that are currently happening indicates that learning happens when modifications starts to happen in the synaptic connections between cells. Most elements of various types can be found in various areas of the brain where consequent transformations have occurred. Thus, varied types of learning results in synaptic connections in various areas of the brain. When you will read about each intelligence, think about your own preferences, skills and abilities and can find out if any other particular intelligence (can be several) that apply to you.
It is a possibility that your aptitude or ‘multiple intelligences’ can be different from your preference as it describes what you are really interested in, rather than how you carry yourself, and helps you in making out what you really want from your life and career. We are happy and successful when learn, grow and work in ways that makes the best use of our natural make-up. Multiple Intelligences helps you to focus on various types of learning and works that can be most fulfilling and satisfying for you.