Multiple Intelligences by Dr. Howard Gardener
The Multiple Intelligence theory was proposed by Prof Howard Gardner of Harvard University in 1983 in his pioneering book called “Frames of Mind” to define the concept of intelligence. Multiple Intelligence (MI) Theory distinguishes that intelligence can appear in many forms. MI Theory extends traditional notions of the gifted child by defining various kinds of intelligence of which a child may stand out linguistic, musical, logical/mathematical, visual/spatial, bodily/kinesthetic, intrapersonal and interpersonal. Development of our fingerprint patterns and human brain is in sync, between the 13th and 19th prenatal week. Multiple intelligences and fingerprints are related through clinical trials. Dr. Howard Gardner also discovered that multiple intelligences are linked to specific regions in the neocortex. This helps dermatoglyphics to recognize the presence and magnitudes of these multiple intelligences at early stages of childhood. Equipped with useful information, our children will then be able to identify and enhance intelligence.
In a nutshell, multiple intelligence theory is a pluralized way of understanding the intelligence. Recent advancement in neuroscience, cognitive science and developmental psychology propose that each person’s level of intellect, as it is traditionally known, is made up of independent faculties that can work separately or in concert with other faculties. Howard Gardner identified seven such faculties, which he categorized as "intelligences":
Each of these multiple intelligences is briefly described below:
- Interpersonal Intelligence - ability to relate to others and understanding people’s feelings and emotions
- Intrapersonal Intelligence - self-awareness, moods and feelings of others, personal objectivity
- Logical - ability to see relationships between objects, logical ability, perform mathematical calculations
- Spatial Intelligence - Pictorial imagination, expression, understands relationship between images and object
- Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence - using the body, physical agility and balance
- Linguistic Intelligence - interpretation and explanation of ideas and information via language, spoken and written maintenance
- Musical Intelligence - musical ability to hear tones, rhythms and musical patterns, appreciation and use of sound
- Naturalist Intelligence - Loves to the natural beauty, creation
- Existential Intelligence - self-awareness, introspection, intuition, logical reasoning & analytical ability, 3D imaginations, visual recollection, appreciation, visual observation
Appeal of Multiple Intelligences to Educators
Multiple intelligence theory of Howard Gardner has acquired an impactful response from many educators all across the world. Multiple intelligences have been embraced by many educational theorists and, most importantly applied by teachers to the problems of schooling. Many schools in our country are now structuring the curriculum according to the intelligences, and design classrooms reflect that Howard Gardner understanding. This theory can also be found within pre-school, higher, vocational and adult learning initiatives.